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Lower back pain
One of the most common injuries golfers experience is lower back pain (Robinson et al., 2018). With the repetitive rotation of a golf swing and bent over stance players perform, the stress through the back is high. Torque (rotational force) created through the pelvis and lumbar spine can overload and strain muscles, ligaments and tendons of lower back. Although muscle and ligament injuries are most common, other injuries to the lower back include disc, degenerative arthritis and bone stress fractures. Back injuries are more common in amateur players then professionals and slightly more common in men than women (Batt,1992).
Golfers and Tennis Elbow
A D Murray, L Daines, D Archibald, R A Hawkes, C Schiphorst, P Kelly, L Grant, N Mutrie (2016) 'The relationships between golf and health: a scoping review',Br J Sports Med.10.1136(096625)
A McHardy, H Pollard (2005) 'Muscle activity during the golf swing', Br J Sports Med, 2005;39:799–804.(doi: 10.1136/bjsm.2005.020271).
M. E. Batt (1992) 'A survey of golf injuries in amateur golfers',BrJ Sp Med, 26(1)(63)
P Robinson, I Murray, A Duckworth, R Hawkes, D Glover, N Tilley, R Hillman, C Oliver, A Murray (2018) 'Systematic review of musculoskeletal injuries in professional golfers',Br J Sports Med,10.1136(099572 ).